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Latest important health research summarised

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Breastfeeding

NIHR Signal Very small babies appear not to be affected by the rate of increasing milk feeds

A large-scale trial has found that the speed of increasing milk feed volumes in low birth weight or very low gestational age babies who are on intravenous feeding does not influence outcomes. This NIHR-funded study randomised preterm (below 32 weeks) or very low birth weight (less than 1,500g) babies to receive either daily milk feed increases in... Read More

  • 12 December 2019
  • Signal

Medication

NIHR Signal Continuing an anticoagulant at home after abdominal surgery cuts thrombosis risk

Continuing to take low molecular weight heparin for two to four weeks after major abdominal surgery significantly reduces the risk of developing a dangerous blood clot.

A review of seven studies, mainly in cancer surgery, has found that 13% of patients who received anticoagulant treatment only during their hospital stay developed a clot in the... Read More

  • 10 December 2019
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Medication

NIHR Signal Taking blood pressure medications at night seems best

People who took their blood pressure medications at bedtime were 45% less likely to experience a major cardiovascular outcome, such as heart attack or stroke, compared with people who took them in the morning.

Most blood pressure medications, diuretics aside, do not have a recommended time of administration. A large trial conducted across 40... Read More

  • 10 December 2019
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Smoking

NIHR Signal Stopping smoking is unlikely to worsen symptoms of ulcerative colitis

Non-smokers and people who stop smoking after being diagnosed with ulcerative colitis are unlikely to have more flare-ups or other signs of worsening disease, compared with those who continue to smoke.

Smoking is linked to reduced rates of developing ulcerative colitis in some studies. Some patients also believe that smoking can also lessen the ... Read More

  • 5 December 2019
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Eye drops

NIHR Signal A patch or eye drops are similarly effective for the treatment of “lazy eye” in children

Both the use of a patch or atropine eye drops are equally suitable methods for improving clarity of vision (visual acuity) in children and young adults with amblyopia (a “lazy eye”).

Amblyopia is a cause of poor vision in childhood that usually affects only one eye, resulting in the individual relying more on the good eye. The... Read More

  • 5 December 2019
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