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Latest important health research summarised

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Someone smoking

NIHR Signal Adding behavioural support to drug treatment helps more people quit smoking

Among people using drug treatment to stop smoking, adding telephone or face-to-face behavioural support boosts their chances of success. Adding support increases the proportion of people quitting from around 17% on average to about 20%. This is a small but worthwhile increase given the health risks associated with smoking.

These were the... Read More

  • 20 August 2019
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Antiplatelet Medication

NIHR Signal On balance, antiplatelet drugs may be restarted for stroke survivors who have bled into the brain

Early research suggests that antiplatelet drugs, such as aspirin, can provide more benefit than harm if restarted at about 2 to 3 months after a brain bleed. The results seem to apply best to those patients with a good prognosis who survive with less disability.

Antiplatelet drugs are of proven benefit to those with a high risk of vascular... Read More

  • 15 August 2019
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Virtual Reality Therapy

NIHR Signal Virtual reality can help reduce the pain and anxiety of stressful medical procedures for children

Virtual reality shows promise in helping to distract children from self-reported pain and anxiety during medical procedures. Younger children in particular may benefit from the intervention.

This review of seventeen trials looked at virtual reality interventions tested in trials with children receiving treatment for burns, dental and tumour... Read More

  • 15 August 2019
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Physician Assistant

NIHR Signal Physician associates appear to make a positive contribution to inpatient care

Physician associates improve continuity of care and patient experience within the hospital setting. This first evaluation of the new role in the NHS suggests they could provide safe and equivalent care on defined tasks, freeing up time for doctors, and help with patient flow. However, some say that the actual and perceived potential is being held... Read More

  • 15 August 2019
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Robot arm

NIHR Signal Robot-assisted training offers little useful improvement in severe arm weakness and function after stroke

People who have severe arm weakness following stroke have no better function after robot-assisted training or enhanced upper limb therapy than those who have usual NHS care.

This large multicentre trial, funded by the NIHR, randomised 770 adult stroke patients to robot-assisted training using the MIT-Manus robotic gym, to an enhanced therapy... Read More

  • 6 August 2019
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