NIHR DC Discover

Latest important health research summarised

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NIHR Signal ‘Virtual wards’ reduce readmissions in people after hospitalisation for heart failure

People with heart failure who receive care via virtual wards following discharge from hospital have lower rates of heart failure-related readmission and death than people discharged to other types of care.

However, virtual wards did not show similar benefits when offered to people leaving hospital with other high-risk chronic diseases.

This... Read More

  • 14 August 2018
  • Signal

NIHR Signal Daily low-dose antibiotics halve urinary tract infections in people who self-catheterise

People who perform clean intermittent self-catheterisation can reduce symptomatic urinary tract infections from two per year to one by taking daily low-dose antibiotics.

This NIHR-funded trial randomised 404 adults in the UK who perform the procedure for a variety of reasons to either daily oral low-dose antibiotics or no prophylaxis. All had a ... Read More

  • 14 August 2018
  • Signal

NIHR Signal UK-wide study reveals a pattern of delay in referrals to specialist end-of-life care

Referrals to hospice-based specialist palliative care occur closer to death in older than in younger people and in those without cancer. Existing evidence shows that some people near the end of life have a better quality of life and symptom control if they receive specialist palliative care. This research highlights the need to better understand... Read More

  • 14 August 2018
  • Signal

Child with eczema

NIHR Signal Adding emollients to the bath unlikely to help children with eczema

Adding emollients to children’s bath water does not significantly improve their eczema. Prescriptions should focus on emollients applied directly to the skin or used as a soap substitute.

Using emollients to lock in moisture is the standard treatment for childhood eczema. These can be applied in a number of ways, but there is uncertainty... Read More

  • 7 August 2018
  • Signal

Man awaiting prostate cancer results

NIHR Signal Factors in men’s choice of active surveillance for low-risk prostate cancer

Many personal, organisational and national factors can help or hinder men from choosing active surveillance over radical treatment when they have low-risk prostate cancer. Men are more likely to adhere to this plan of regular monitoring if they and their families are fully informed and understand that it includes the option of further treatment if ... Read More

  • 7 August 2018
  • Signal

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