Latest important health research summarised

NIHR Signal Case managers improve outcomes for people with dementia and their carers

Using a case manager to coordinate health and social care improves the challenging behaviour of people with dementia and reduces the burden on caregivers. Quality of life of caregivers improves the most when case managers have a professional background in nursing.

This NIHR-funded review compared the effectiveness of standard community... Read More

  • 24 April 2018
  • Signal

NIHR Signal Sending patient reminders improves immunisation uptake

Contacting patients by telephone or mail about recommended immunisations leads to eight more people in every 100 being immunised. Text messages, postcards or automatic dialling techniques and recorded voices are the reminder methods that have the highest certainty of being effective.

In the UK over 90% of children currently receive the... Read More

  • 24 April 2018
  • Signal

NIHR Signal Atraumatic needles reduce headaches following lumbar puncture

Use of atraumatic needles rather than conventional needles for lumbar puncture more than halves the rate of post-procedure headache. Moreover, this improvement does not come at the expense of procedure success rates.

Lumbar puncture involves inserting a needle in the lower back into the spinal canal to collect cerebrospinal fluid for diagnosis, ... Read More

  • 17 April 2018
  • Signal

NIHR Signal Adding the extra antibiotic rifampicin did not improve cure rates after sepsis

Adding the antibiotic rifampicin did not improve cure rates or reduce deaths for people with bacterial blood infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus. It increased the risk of adverse reactions requiring a change in treatment and the chances of drug interactions.

This NIHR-funded trial is the largest to date on adding rifampicin to standard... Read More

  • 17 April 2018
  • Signal

NIHR Signal Swimming in seawater is linked with an increased chance of some illnesses

People who swim in seawater have almost double the odds of experiencing illness than people who avoid it. The specific illnesses linked to seawater exposure are ear and gastrointestinal illnesses, but the exact or absolute rates of infection are not available.

Many people enjoy coastal waters for sport and recreation, and it's... Read More

  • 17 April 2018
  • Signal

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