The latest important research, summarised

Placing wet gauze on babies’ tummies speeds up urine collection

NIHR Signal Placing wet gauze on babies’ tummies speeds up urine collection

Almost a third of infants managed to urinate within five minutes after a painless, cheap technique that stimulates the skin, compared with 12% of infants observed only, as is standard practice.

The ‘Quick-Wee’ method involved rubbing the babies’ abdomens gently with gauze soaked in cold saline before collecting urine. This... Read More

  • 17 October 2017
  • Signal

NIHR Signal Long-term antibiotics likely to reduce risk of recurrent cellulitis

Antibiotics may reduce the risk of leg cellulitis by about two thirds, in adults who have had at least two previous episodes, but only while they take the antibiotics. There is limited evidence measuring the efficacy of other forms of prevention.

A review of five studies showed that the risk of developing repeated cellulitis was reduced in... Read More

  • 17 October 2017
  • Signal

Carefully managed antibiotic use could halve antibiotic-resistant infections

NIHR Signal Carefully managed antibiotic use could halve antibiotic-resistant infections

Antibiotic stewardship programmes could halve the number of infections due to antibiotic-resistant bacteria compared with unguided prescribing. Combining these programmes with hand hygiene, such as washing hands with soap and water and using alcohol-based hand-rubs, could reduce antibiotic resistance further.

Bacterial resistance to existing... Read More

  • 17 October 2017
  • Signal

Second-hand smoke levels in Scottish prisons equivalent to living with a smoker

NIHR Signal Second-hand smoke levels in Scottish prisons equivalent to living with a smoker

Staff in Scottish prisons inhale roughly the same amount of second-hand smoke at work as they would in the average smoking household (32μg of fine particulate matter per m3). Some activities, like inspecting a smoky prison cell, exposed staff to far higher levels (up to 753.6μg per m3).

Despite smoking bans in public spaces across the UK, ... Read More

  • 17 October 2017
  • Signal

Wider stakeholder involvement could overcome resistance to modernising healthcare services

NIHR Signal Wider stakeholder involvement could overcome resistance to modernising healthcare services

Among principles that can help when decommissioning out-dated, unsafe or poor value services are clear leadership and transparency about the reason for change with patients, clinicians and local communities.

Modernising healthcare often involves reducing, replacing and removing services. This is called decommissioning and the task varies with... Read More

  • 17 October 2017
  • Signal

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