NIHR DC Discover

Latest important health research summarised

Patient receiving oxygen therapy

NIHR Signal People with COPD exacerbations prefer early discharge then treatment at home

People with flare-ups of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) prefer to be managed at home rather than in hospital. Hospital stay was on average four days shorter when people were discharged early to the hospital at home scheme, and there was no noticeable increase in readmissions in this group.

This NIHR-funded trial aimed to establish ... Read More

  • 11 December 2018
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Woman receiving robotic arm rehabilitation

NIHR Signal Robot-assisted arm training after stroke helps people regain some strength and independence

People who have electromechanical or robot-assisted arm rehabilitation after stroke have better arm function and strength as well as finding it easier to complete activities of daily living. Although moderate, the improvements suggest it may be worth considering these interventions as an adjunct to usual therapy.

Many people have impaired arm... Read More

  • 11 December 2018
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Nurse delivering care to patient.

NIHR Signal Ways of integrating care that better coordinate services may benefit patients

New integrated care models can increase patient satisfaction, perceived quality of care and improve access to services. It is less clear whether there may be effects on hospital admissions, appointments or healthcare costs. Strong leadership and patient engagement are among factors influencing successful implementation.

The NHS is undergoing... Read More

  • 11 December 2018
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Young man drinking

NIHR Signal Paracetamol and alcohol are the most common substances taken by young people and rates of poisoning are increasing

The rates of the five most common types of poisoning in young people have increased three to five-fold from 1998 to 2014 and is cause for concern.

A study including more than 1.7 million young people aged 10 to 24 in the UK found records of 31,509 people who had been treated for poisoning (2% of the total). Where the substance was... Read More

  • 11 December 2018
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Person exercising on treadmill.

NIHR Signal Supervised exercise sessions increase physical activity and fitness of cancer survivors

Aerobic exercise and resistance sessions that include supervision help people living with cancer to meet guideline physical activity levels. Common behaviour change techniques that were shown to increase physical activity are goal setting, graded tasks (e.g. increasing exercise duration or intensity over time), and instruction on how to perform... Read More

  • 11 December 2018
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