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Latest important health research summarised

Patient sat on edge of hospital bed

NIHR Signal Getting hospital patients up and moving shortens stay and improves fitness

Interventions to encourage patients admitted to hospital for medical problems to get out of bed and walk around increases their mobility, without increasing their risk of falls.

Older inpatients frequently spend much of their time in bed, which risks a loss of physical condition and muscle tone. This can make it harder for them to manage... Read More

  • 16 April 2019
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Oral antibiotics

NIHR Signal Switching to oral antibiotics early for bone and joint infections gave similar results to continuing intravenous therapy

For adults with bone or joint infection, many of whom had metal implants, beginning six weeks of oral antibiotics within seven days of intravenous treatment, was no worse than a regimen delivered wholly intravenously (IV). After one year, around 14% of both groups still had an infection, showing the difficulty of treatment, irrespective of the... Read More

  • 16 April 2019
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Man taking tablet

NIHR Signal When is it best to start the Parkinson’s drug, levodopa?

Earlier treatment with levodopa provides symptomatic relief to those with symptoms but does not appear to slow Parkinson’s disease from progressing. Therefore, timing is best determined by symptoms.

The treatment of Parkinson’s disease is complex. Levodopa is the main drug used to reduce tremors and muscle stiffness. Whether it... Read More

  • 16 April 2019
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pregnant woman

NIHR Signal New insights into how ethnicity and culture affect maternal mental health

Ethnicity and culture can affect how and when women seek help for mental health problems before or after having a baby. Many women avoid seeking help because they feel services are not sensitive to their beliefs. Services should ensure all women, regardless of background, can access the support they need during and after pregnancy.

This mixed... Read More

  • 16 April 2019
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surgeon performing keyhole surgery

NIHR Signal Keyhole surgery may be better than physiotherapy for hip impingement

Adults with painful restriction of movement of their hip had greater improvements in their symptoms after arthroscopy (keyhole surgery) than those who had physiotherapy.

This NIHR-funded study included 222 people with hip pain and limited movement due to femoro-acetabular (hip) impingement but without a diagnosis of osteoarthritis. Their... Read More

  • 16 April 2019
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