Discover the latest research

Enhanced patient education improves bowel preparation before colonoscopy

NIHR Signal Enhanced patient education improves bowel preparation before colonoscopy

People who are given extra information about preparing for their colonoscopy are likely to have clearer bowels before the procedure, meaning it is more likely to be successful. About a quarter of people currently having colonoscopy are poorly prepared and this prevents a good view of the whole bowel. Better preparation allows more accurate... Read More

  • 14 February 2017
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NIHR Signal Corticosteroids given early reduce risk of heart problems in children with Kawasaki disease

Early treatment with corticosteroids on top of standard therapy reduces the risk of serious heart problems in children under five with the rare vascular disease, Kawasaki disease.

The disease needs to be recognised early, but can be hard to spot outside specialist care because it is so rare. It is now the commonest cause of acquired heart... Read More

  • 14 February 2017
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Parent-focused therapy has some long-term benefits for children with autism

NIHR Signal Parent-focused therapy has some long-term benefits for children with autism

A parent-focused therapy for young children with autism continues to have beneficial effects on symptoms and communication almost six years after the end of treatment. 

This UK randomised controlled trial investigated the effects of a one-year social communication therapy in 152 UK children aged two to four years with severe autism. The... Read More

  • 14 February 2017
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NIHR Signal Ultrasound could help diagnose giant cell arteritis

Ultrasound may aid diagnosis of giant cell arteritis in people referred from the community. It is less invasive than biopsy and might provide quicker results than a biopsy, but its role and place in the diagnostic pathway remain unclear.

Giant cell arteritis is a disease of medium to large sized arteries and can lead to a range of eye, brain... Read More

  • 14 February 2017
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NIHR Signal Information delivered by telemedicine can improve diabetes control

Telemedicine, such as text messaging or internet support systems used to communicate with patients, improves long-term blood sugar control in adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

Telemedicine gave small reductions in HbA1c (a measure of overall diabetes control over 12 weeks) compared with usual care at all follow-up times. It was most... Read More

  • 14 February 2017
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