Discover Portal

Latest important health research summarised

knee surgery

NIHR Signal Partial knee replacements have some short-term advantages compared to total knee replacements

Replacing one side of the knee, unicompartmental knee replacement, may result in shorter hospital stays, fewer short-term complications, faster recovery and better knee function than total knee replacements. However, about 8% need revision by five years - about two to three times the rate with total knee replacements.

People with pain and... Read More

  • 14 May 2019
  • Signal

cognitive rehabilitation for people with early stage dementia

NIHR Signal Goal-setting can help people with early-stage dementia improve function

Goal-setting as part of cognitive rehabilitation delivered by occupational therapists helped people with early dementia progress towards independence in daily tasks, with benefits lasting for nine months. This approach focuses on the everyday tasks needing concentration and memory and prioritising those that matter most to individuals, from using... Read More

  • 7 May 2019
  • Signal

prescribing medicated cream for patients leaving hospital

NIHR Signal Treating asymptomatic MRSA on discharge from hospital reduces risk of later infection

Use of medicated creams, mouthwash and body wash for six months after discharge from hospital led to a 30% lower risk of MRSA infection, compared with basic hygiene education. This study was carried out in the USA using 2,121 adults who had tested positive for MRSA in hospital, but who had no symptoms.

Meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus ... Read More

  • 29 April 2019
  • Signal

patient being looked after following surgery

NIHR Signal Better care of deteriorating patients has reduced US mortality after surgery

Improved management of deteriorating patients with surgical complications has reduced the number of deaths in US hospitals rather than it being due to fewer complications. Over the past 10 years, complication rates have remained fairly similar. It is the reduction in 'failure to rescue' that has made the main difference in mortality.... Read More

  • 24 April 2019
  • Signal

Patient in intensive care

NIHR Signal Intravenous magnesium can reduce shivering in patients after surgery

An infusion of magnesium, given during or immediately after surgery, reduces the proportion of patients who experience shivering in the operating theatre or in recovery from 23% to 9.9%.

Shivering is unpleasant for the patient and may place strain on the cardiovascular system, as it increases oxygen use. A review of 64 trials found that... Read More

  • 24 April 2019
  • Signal

Show more articles
Search Portal