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Donor oocyte conception and pregnancy complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Published on 9 February 2016

Jeve, Y. B.,Potdar, N.,Opoku, A.,Khare, M.

Bjog , 2016

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BACKGROUND: Observational studies showed that women with a donor oocyte (DO) pregnancy have an increased risk of pregnancy complications. OBJECTIVES: Systematic review and meta-analysis to compare pregnancy complications of DO pregnancy with autologous oocyte in vitro fertilisation (IVF), and whether DO pregnancy acts as an independent risk factor. SEARCH STRATEGY: Online searches of databases from 1 January 1980 to 31 January 2015 were performed using a set of relevant keywords. SELECTION CRITERIA: All studies comparing pregnancy complications of women with donor oocyte IVF and autologous oocyte IVF were included. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Data collected included demographics and pregnancy complications. Methodological quality assessment was performed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Statistical analysis was performed using review manager 5.3 and stata 13.0. Meta-regression was performed for age. MAIN RESULTS: In total, 11 studies (n = 81 752) were included. Ten studies (n = 11 539) examined the primary outcome. The risk of developing hypertensive disorders in pregnancy was significantly higher for DO pregnancy (odds ratio, OR 3.92; 95% confidence interval, 95% CI 3.21-4.78). Further subgroup analysis for singleton and twin pregnancies showed that the risk was significantly higher for DO pregnancy in each group. Secondary outcomes including small for gestational age (OR 1.81), caesarean section (OR 2.71), and preterm delivery (OR 1.34) were significantly higher with DO pregnancy. Meta-regression for the covariate of age suggested that risk was independent of age. AUTHOR'S CONCLUSIONS: Donor oocyte pregnancy acts as an independent risk factor for pregnancy complications, including hypertensive disorders, small for gestational age, and preterm delivery. Women should be counselled carefully before undergoing DO-assisted conception. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Donor oocyte conception is an independent risk factor for obstetric complications.